Liquid Nitrogen Tank Explosion – 3 Case Studies

liquid nitrogen tank explosion
Nitrogen is stored in the tank in the liquid state. It requires a special tank to be safely stored. A liquid nitrogen tank is constructed with two layers of shell, with a very low vacuum between those two layers of a shell (double-walled vacuum-insulated ultra-low temperature storage vessel).

Care should be taken when it relates to liquid nitrogen tank handling. Otherwise, liquid nitrogen tank explosion may occur.

Remember that liquid nitrogen is deadly. In gas state, nitrogen can kill you by taking the place of oxygen from the air and cause suffocation.

The other safety hazards of liquid nitrogen that you need to take care are:

  • extremely cold temperature (-195oC)
  • produces a large amount of gas when vaporizing
  • can pull off your skin when you touch it with bare hand
  • in the gas state, it is odorless, tasteless and colorless. It will take the place of oxygen from the air!

So, it is very important to handle liquid nitrogen tank carefully and not to make it explode. Liquid nitrogen tank explosion is a special case of pressurized tank explosion.

The following liquid nitrogen tank explosion is good case studies. You must learn safety lessons from them and act on how to avoid liquid nitrogen explosion from happening.

Liquid Nitrogen Tank Explosion Case Studies

liquid nitrogen storage requirements
Analysis of liquid nitrogen tank explosion in Los Angeles

Liquid nitrogen tank rupture in Japan, 28th August 1992

Liquid nitrogen dewar accident in Univ of Berkeley 2006

Another case study is Liquid Nitrogen Tank Explosion Texas A&M, which is also important to take safety lesson from it.

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Lukman Nulhakiem

About Lukman Nulhakiem

Chemical Engineer, safety enthusiastic, blogger and internet marketer with experience in chemical industry and industrial product reviews.
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